Types of Cutlery
The Must have Cutlery in Your Kitchen or Restaurant
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Cutlery refers to tools used for preparing, serving and eating food. The most common types of cutlery are knives, spoons and forks. Other words for cutlery are silverware, tableware, utensils and flatware.
The best quality cutlery may be made of silver, but more often are silver plated. Stainless Steel is used by most good quality household and Restaurants. Pewter cutlery was often used in the past for cheap cutlery. Nickel silver cutlery, sometimes called German silver, is another alloy, with copper, nickel, and zinc in it. Plastic cutlery is use and throw types of cutlery used at in fast food joints, because it is very cheap, and may be thrown away afterwards after use.
Serving practice and use of cutlery varies somewhat between cultures. Formal dinners have cutlery set out in a traditional manner. There will be two sets of knives and forks, an outer smaller set for the first course and a larger inner set for the main course. Cutlery for later courses will usually be delivered with those courses. In an informal restaurant, cutlery may come wrapped in a cloth napkin (serviette).
Chinese and Japanese food is eaten with chopsticks, and food pre-cut to a size suitable for that method. Some other oriental cuisines are eaten by fork and spoon, with no knife.
In today’s modern world Cutlery consists of all kitchen and tableware used for eating or serving food. It includes various spoons, forks, knives, and tongs. It is also called silverware or flatware. Cutlery is made of metals like stainless steel, silver and many more metals.
The most common types of cutlery are knives, spoons and forks.
Different Types of Knives
Most kitchen cutting and tableware cutlery tasks are achievable only with a good chef’s knife. In short every knife has a blade that’s designed specifically for a purpose that can bring more ease and precision to the cut. These right knives will encourage you to prepare your food and serve with confidence and creativity.
There are probably more than a dozen of different kinds of kitchen utility and tableware knives, some versatile others dedicated for one specific use. The tableware knives are usually used to portion the food.
Dinner knife: Dinner knife is sized between 9 ½ and 10 inches. It is used to cut and push food. It also serves as a replacement for salad knife if latter is not available.
Steak knife: A steak knife can be used in place of dinner knife or in addition to it. It can be serrated or non-serrated depending on specific steak cuts. It is usually four to six inches long.
Luncheon knife: Slightly smaller than dinner knife, luncheon knife is used with luncheon plate to suit the size of the plate. Dinner knife is equally acceptable when luncheon knife is not available.
Fish knife: Fish knife is used when fish is served for dinner. Fish knife measures 8 ¾ inches with a wide blade and dull edge. The tip of fish knife aids in separating layers of fish and lift bones.
Dessert knife: Dessert knife can be used for dessert, fresh or candied fruit. It can be used to cut cakes and pastries. It goes together with the dessert spoon.
Fruit knife: Measuring between 6 ½ and 7 ¼ inches, fruit knife has a pointed tip and a narrow straight. The blade can be serrated or slightly curved. It is meant to cut and peel fruits.
Butter knife: Small in size at 5 to 6 inches, butter knife has a rounded point so that it does not scrape the bread while spreading butter. Dinner knife is equally acceptable if butter knife is not available.
Different Types of Spoons
There are different types of spoons for serving or eating different kinds of food. Each spoon type is designed for a specific purpose.
Different Types of Spoons – Table Spoon, Tea Spoon, Cheese Serving Knife, Fish Service Gear, Fish Serving Knife, Fish Serving Fork, Ice Cream Spoon, Dinner Knife, Dinner Spoon, Dinner Spoon, Sugar Spoon, Dessert Spoon, Tea Spoon, Dessert Spoons and Forks, Butter Knife, Butter Spreader, Soda Spoon, Serving Spoon, dessert Spoon, Ice Cream Spoon and Salad Serving Spoon.
Some descriptions of the most widely types of spoons used. Each spoon type is designed for a specific purpose, let’s review them individually
Teaspoon: It is meant for stirring coffee, tea, soups and eating.
Table spoon: A tablespoon is bigger than a teaspoon and is used for serving food from serving bowls.
Place spoon: It is an all-purpose spoon bigger than a teaspoon but smaller than a tablespoon.
Soup spoon: A large rounded spoon used for eating soup. An oval spoon is used in case soup contains meat, vegetables, bread crumbs etc.
Dessert spoon: It is used for eating sweet dishes and puddings.
Sundae spoon: Long spoons to reach the bottom of sundae glass and eat liquid or semi-liquid food like ice-cream toppings, floats, jelly etc.
Fruit spoon: Fruit spoon has an elongated bowl and a pointed tip that aids in cutting fruit and eating fruits like grapes, oranges and melons.
Different Types of Forks
Different Types of Forks. The forks often accompany spoons or help independently to pick food bites. Each fork type is designed for a specific purpose, let’s review them individually
Dinner fork: Meant for the main course, dinner fork measures around seven inches.
Salad fork: Used for eating salad, in salad fork outer tines are notched, wider and longer than inner tines. It is six inches in length.
Forks with extra long tines: Such forks are meant for eating spaghetti, noodles.
Dessert fork: It is used for eating cake, pies and pastries. It is more or less similar to salad fork.
Two-tined fork: The two-tined fork is used cut meat while four-tined fork has other uses.
Fish fork: It is used for holding and serving fish. Tines are uniform in width and length.
Sea food fork: Sea food fork is ideal for eating crustaceans. Also called crab fork, lobster fork, it serves two purposes. The double-pronged slim end is used to pick sea food while the curved scraper is used to scoop out the meat.
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